Back to tutorials
Beginner

PLC Programming Comparison Instructions – NEQ | Not Equal

By
Vladimir Romanov
|
August 29, 2018
Table of Contents

Introduction

The NEQ, also known as the Not Equal, instruction is used to compare two values just like the EQU Instruction. However, the key difference is that the NEQ will return TRUE if the values are not equal to each other. In other words, the outcome of this instruction is the absolute opposite of what the EQU will give us.

Just like the EQU, this instruction is critical in the control systems world. It provides an easy way to check whether a certain value is holding the value we expect and act based on the outcome.

The NEQ may operate on the exact same operands as the EQU. In fact; the only difference between the two is that their output state is inverted; just as stated above.

Example & Usage of NEQ

Here’s a real-world scenario of an NEQ instruction:

  1. A Micrologix 1100 Allen Bradley PLC is used to control a process.
  2. An NEQ instruction is used to compare an Integer N7:1 to a constant.
  3. The Integer N7:1 is currently set to “6” and the constant is set to “6”.
  4. This NEQ instruction evaluates to FALSE since the two values are equal.
  5. An NEQ instruction is used to compare an Integer N7:2 to the Integer N7:3.
  6. The Integer N7:2 is currently set to “345” while the Integer N7:3 is set to “38”.
  7. This NEQ instruction evaluates to TRUE since both of these integers are NOT equal.
  8. An NEQ instruction is used to compare a Counter “Accum” Value C5:0.ACC to the Integer N7:4.
  9. The Integer N7:4 is currently set to “0” while the Counter “Accum” Value C5:0.ACC is set to “56”.
  10. This NEQ instruction evaluates to TRUE.

Programming example in RSLogix 500:

NEQ Not Equal RSLogix500

Outcome:

We’re using three different NEQ instructions to demonstrate the capabilities of the instruction. The first instruction will evaluate to FALSE because the two values stored within the “Source A” and “Source B” elements are equal to each other. One is “6” and the other is “6”. The second NEQ instruction will evaluate to TRUE due to the fact that N7:2 and N7:3 values are not the same; one is set to “345” while the other to “38”. The last instruction will also evaluate to TRUE. It demonstrates the fact that you can use the value of a Timer Construct to compare it to a value of a similar type. In this case, both are integers. Since they are “56” and “0” respectively, the NEQ evaluates to TRUE in this case.

Data Types Allowed for NEQ

The NEQ can be used to compare two values of identical types. These value can be INTs, DINTs, or FLOATs.

  • Integer – You may specify each operand to be of “Integer” type.
  • Float – You may specify each operand to be of “Float” or “Real” type.

Important Notes

  • Note 1 – Both operands need to be exactly the same while the rung containing the NEQ instruction is being scanned. Otherwise, the instruction will evaluate to TRUE. In an instance where the value is changed in other locations for only a brief duration, the NEQ comparison may result in unforeseen outcomes.
  • Note 2 – When working with constants, RSLogix 500 will not allow the user to use the constant in the “Operand A” field. The constant must be specified within “Operand B”. This limitation is not present in all software packages.
  • Note 3 – The user may not specify a comparison of two constants within RSLogix 500. In other words, you may not use the NEQ instruction with “Operand A” set to 7 and “Operand B” set to 20. This case will always evaluate to FALSE which should not be used.

Video Tutorial

Back to tutorials

Related Tutorials

Intermediate

PLC Programming Example Project - Batching Tank Ladder Logic PLC and HMI Tutorial

Generally speaking, there are two types of processes in manufacturing: discrete and analog. A discrete process is a manufacturing methodology that will produce separate widgets. In other words, a production line may output one item, two items, three items, etc. An analog production process is where the plant will create a quantity of product that is quantifiable by weight. Examples include the production of beverages, sauces, raw ingredients, etc. Although it is possible to design a flow that will continuously output the product, such production is often managed in batches. It is important to note that although batches are considered to be analog or continuous flow, most of them end up being packaged for consumption which converts them into a discrete manufacturing process.

September 14, 2020
|
By
Vladimir Romanov
PLC Programming Career

PLC Programming Certification - Complete Guide

You may choose to pursue a traditional college degree, learn through online tutorials, or take a course that will issue a plc programming certification upon completion. However, what is the best option, and what are the best PLC programming certifications?

August 6, 2020
|
By
Vladimir Romanov
Beginner

Opto 22 groov RIO Getting Started

The groov RIO module from Opto 22 has been released only a few months ago. The groov RIO is a feature packed piece of hardware that is easy to install, configure and deploy for many different field applications. The module comes pre-loaded with an array of software tools used across the industry and is ready to hit the floor running out of the box. Furthermore, the module is equipped with user configurable input and output nodes that have the capability unlike anything else on the market.

August 2, 2020
|
By
Vladimir Romanov